Published in Science in 2015 (OA), the Transparency and Openness Promotion guidelines include eight modular standards, each with three levels of increasing stringency. Journals select which of the eight transparency standards they wish to adopt for their journal, and select a level of implementation for each standard. These features provide flexibility for adoption depending on disciplinary variation, but simultaneously establish community standards.
Standards: Data Citation | Data, Materials, and Code Transparency | Design and Analysis | Preregistration | Replication
Levels: Disclose, Require, or Verify
Join the Over 850 Journals that are Implementing TOP
Requiring more transparent research practices, with reasonable exceptions for difficult situations, is possible. This set of standards require open data, research materials, and analytic code, while encouraging disclosure of additional steps that can increase the credibility of inferential research.
Level 2 for Data Citation and Data, Materials, Code, and Design Standards; Level 1 for Preregistration and Replication
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Become a Signatory
Over 5,000 journals and organizations have already become signatories of the TOP Guidelines. Show your support of the principles behind the standards by becoming a signatory today. We'll reach out and help to implement the standards that are most appropriate to the work that you fund or publish.
For inquiries, please contact David Mellor
or email email@example.com